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Roman Legion heavy infantry

Roman Legion in Formation

In the mythos of this series, Alera was settled by the Ninth Legion, Legio IX Hispana, who disappeared somewhere near Hadrian’s Wall in Briton. This is the mysterious, missing 9th Legion, as legend goes. Thus, Alerans (Romans) found themselves transplanted into this mythical world, bringing a culture based on the Roman Empire.

"They had come to Carna from another place, a small band of only a few thousand, and had found themselves pitched against an entire world." (Furies of Academ ch 34)


Similarities to Romans[]

There are numerous similarities between the Codex Alera series and the historic Roman Empire:

  • The word “Alera” is Latin for “eagle” — symbolic of the Roman Empire
  • The Roman Legions in various assault or defense formations — same in Aleran Legions
  • invading hordes of barbarians (Gothic Tribes cross the Rubicon (river) and sack Rome, fall of Rome) — invading Vord horde
  • Roman siege weapons, mules — as Magnus and Tavi built, idea taken from old clay tablets under Appian ruins
Romanic mule, weapon

Romanic Mule

  • ”All Roads Lead to Rome” — on Aleran map, all causeways lead to Alera Imperia
  • Shieldwall such as Hadrian’s Wall at the Scottish border — in Alera, at Icemen border
  • Roman Emperor at the top of the food chain — similar to First Lord rank.
  • Several Roman emperors are named Gaius: Gaius Julius Caesar and Gaius Octavius — in Alera we have the House of Gaius starting with the founder Gaius Primus
  • Roman Emperor sigil is eagles — same for House of Gaius
    House of Gaius

    Eagle emblem for Romans and Alerans

  • Ambitious Roman Senators climbing the ladder — same in Alera, corrupt Arnos
  • Citizens “I am a Roman Citizen” — all the rights and privileges go to the Aleran Citizenry
  • slaves and freemen — in both worlds
  • Infighting in top ranks of Romans, assassinations, as with Julius Caesar — assassination of Gaius Septimus, treason by Kalarus Brencis, Invidia Aquitaine, etc.
  • Rich, fat, lazy, decadent, super-powerful leadership leads to decline and fall of roman empire — same with smug High Lords and Senators, political unrest in Alera
  • constant skirmishes and wars with borderlands — as with Marat and the Icemen
  • city-state realms (more Greek than Roman perhaps) while Rome had provinces — similar to High Lord’s city/region
  • Dueling gladiators at the Coliseum - dueling for justice via the Juris Macto
  • Navigation, ships, as those that Julius Caesar sent to colonize ancient Briton — Aleran fleet, Captain Demos, etc.
  • marvels of Roman engineering (Coliseum, immense road system, domes, arches, bridges, aqueducts, forum, etc) — marvels of Aleran engineering such as the Grey Tower and citadel in Alera Imperia, Elinarch Bridge Shieldwall, etc.
  • Roman empire lasted about a thousand years from humble beginnings to the Fall of Rome when hordes of barbarians invaded — Alera stood a thousand years until the vord horde crossed the Rubicon / Rubicus … Vord War
  • etc


Overlapping Roman Names and Terms[]

  • Scipio — In Roman history, Publius Cornelius Scipio was one of the best and most influential generals Rome ever had. He built his army into a victorious fighting machine and took on Hannibal and Carthage. — Tavi is Captain Scipio
  • Gaius — Gaius is a Roman name of uncertain meaning. It is possibly derived from Latin gaudere "to rejoice". Gaius Julius Caesar great leader of the Roman Republic, and his adopted son Gaius Octavius (later known as Augustus), the first Roman emperor. [1]
  • gladius - A short sword or gladius was the primary weapon of choice for Roman legions. Ideal for stabbing and slashing was especially effective in close combat. — used also by Aleranlegionares
  • lorica (Roman armor) : Armor or lorica segmentata was consisting of metal strips, fastened to internal leather straps. Romans were able to mass-produce such armor. It was perfect for deflecting arrows and swords.
  • alera - means “eagle” in the Latin of the Roman Empire
  • legion
  • centurion
  • tribune, subtribune
  • legate and senator
  • ampitheather
  • senatorium
  • aqueduct
  • Appia (Roman place)
  • Gaul river
  • Tiber river
  • Rubicon river, “crossing the Rubicon” - Rubicus in Codex Alera
  • etc
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